There are three articles in English: A
. They are called articles as they have significant parts of speech. They are also called Determiners because they affect the meaning of noun.
There are two types of articles:
1. Indefinite Articles
2. Definite Article 1. Indefinite articles A or An is called the Indefinite Article because it is used when we do not speak of any particular or definite person or thing.
eg: I saw a boy in the bazaar.
I ate an apple.
(A) Correct use of 'A' 'A'
is used before:
(1) Words beginning with the sound of a consonant. eg: a girl, a book, a crow
(2) Such vowels as have the sound of 'yu'. eg: a useful person, a university, a European
(3) 'O' when it is sounded as 'wa'. eg: a one-rupee note, a one-way traffic, a one-eyed giant
(B) Correct use of 'An' 'An'
is used before:
(1) Words beginning with a vowel sound, a silent 'h' when the accent is not on the first syllable. eg: an eye, an honourable man, an heir, an army
2. Indefinite Article The
is called the Definite article because it is used when we speak of some particular person or thing.
eg: This is the
boy whom I saw in the
Correct use of 'the'
(1) before any noun when we want to particularise it:
eg: Close the
window on your left.
(2) with superlatives:
eg: Chandrapal is the
most intelligent child in the class.
(3) with words like first, last, next, only:
eg: Nikhilesh is the
only son of his parents.
(4) with such nouns as earth, moon, sun, sky, etc:
earth revolves around the
(5) with a common noun when that noun represents the whole class:
dove is a very gentle bird.
(6) with the names of well-known buildings:
eg: We visited the
Akshardham temple last month.
(7) with the names of rivers, seas and oceans:
Godavari joins the
Bay of Bengal.
(8) with the names of newspapers:
Hindu is a widely circulated newspaper in India.
(9) with the names of mountain ranges:
Alps is one of the longest mountain ranges in Europe.
(10) with the names of countries if the name includes a common noun:
U.K and the
U.S.A are developed countries.
(11) with the names of holy books:
Mahabharata was written by Vyasa.
(12) with the names of trains, ships, aeroplanes, etc:
eg: We travelled by the