Definition of Adjective
A word that describes a noun is called an adjective. An adjective mostly comes before the noun.
For example, adjectives can give us infornation about :
Quality : a rainy day
Age : an old man
Shape : a round table
Size : a big room
Temperature : a hot day
Colour : a black cat
Kinds of Adjectives
Adjective are of many kinds. Adjective are classified as follows :-
(a) Adjectives of Quality :- big, small, hot, cold, honest, foolish, intelligent, wonderful, good, noble
(b) Adjectives of Quantity :- little, enough, all, half, sufficient, no, any, great, whole
(c) Adjectives of Number :- few, some, all, any, one, two, each, every, either, neither
(d) Demonstrative Adjectives :- this, that, those, such
(e) Interogative Adjectives :- what, which, whose
(f) Possessive Adjectives :- my, our, your, his, her, its, their
(g) Exclamatory Adjectives :- What manners !
A. Adjectives of Quality (Descriptive Adjectives) :- These adjectives answer the question, ' What kind?'
a. Rohini is a beautiful girl. (Here, the adjective 'beautiful' tells us what kind of a Rohini is )
b. His role in the play is amusing. (Here, the adjective 'amusing' tells us what kind of a role he is playing.)
B. Adjectives of Quantity :- Adjectives of Quantity (some, few, many, little, less, more, any, much) tell us about a thing or number. They answer the question 'How much?' or 'How many'
a. Give me some water
b. There are a few pencils lying in the drawer
C. Adjectives of Number :- Adjectives of Number tell us about how many persons or things are meant or in what order a person or thing stands. They are of three kinds :
(i) Definite Numeral Adjectives indicate an exact number
a. Three cats are sitting there
b. She is the first women in command.
(ii) Indefinite Numeral Adjectives donot indicate an exact number.
a. Richa has made some envelopes.
(iii) Distributive Numeral Adjectives refer to each single person or thing in a group.
a. Every soldier should be ready to fight for his country.
D. Demonstrative Adjectives :- Demonstrative Adjectives (this, these, that, those) have the same form as demonstrative pronouns and 'point to people or things.'
a. This painting is made by me.
b. Those colour pencil is not mine.
E. Interrogative Adjectives :- Interrogative adjectives (what, which, whose) ask questions while describing nouns.
a. What time does the show begin ?
b. Which book shall you buy ?
F. Possessive Adjectives :- These adjectives, like possessive pronouns, answer the question 'Whose'?
a. They are our friends.
b. Your papers are on the shelf.